Introduction to Diabetes


I had high blood sugar only once …..

I did not check after that, I am sure I DO NOT HAVE DIABETES …

Diabetes is a silent killer…You may not know that you have it till it’s too late.

Detection at early stages is Being LUCKY

– Dr. Pooja, Senior Nutritionist

Are you at Risk?

Risk factors for type 1 diabetes

Although the exact cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown, factors that may signal an increased risk include:

  • Family history:Your risk increases if a parent or sibling has type 1 diabetes.
  • Environmental factors: Circumstances such as exposure to a viral illness likely play some role in type 1 diabetes.
  • The presence of damaging immune system cells (autoantibodies)
  • Dietary factors: These include low vitamin D consumption, early exposure to cow’s milk or cow’s milk formula, and exposure to cereals before 4 months of age. None of these factors has been shown to directly cause type 1 diabetes.
  • Geography: Certain countries, such as Finland and Sweden, have higher rates of type 1 diabetes.

Risk factors for pre diabetes and type 2 diabetes

Researchers don’t fully understand why some people develop prediabetes and type 2 diabetes and others don’t. It’s clear that certain factors increase the risk, however, including:

    • Weight: The more fatty tissue you have, the more resistant your cells become to insulin.
    • Inactivity: The less active you are, the greater your risk. Physical activity helps you control your weight, uses up glucose as energy and makes your cells more sensitive to insulin.
    • Family history: Your risk increases if a parent or sibling has type 2 diabetes.
    • Race: people of certain races — including blacks, Hispanics, American Indians and Asian-Americans — are at higher risk.
    • Age: Your risk increases as you get older. But type 2 diabetes is also increasing dramatically among children, adolescents and younger adults.
    • Polycystic ovary syndrome: For women, having polycystic ovary syndrome — a common condition characterized by irregular menstrual periods, excess hair growth and obesity — increases the risk of diabetes.
  • High blood pressure.
  • Abnormal cholesterol and triglyceride levels

Symptoms of Diabetes

Diabetes symptoms

How to detect diabetes?

How to detect Diabetes
How to detect Diabetes

Fasting Blood Sugar: Fasting means not having anything to eat or drink (except water) for at least 8 hours before the test. This test is usually done first thing in the morning, before breakfast

Post Prandial Blood Sugar: It is measure exactly two-hour after the completion of the last meal. High postprandial blood sugar is an important measure that needs to be monitored in order to prevent development of secondary complications.

HbA1C: The A1C test measures your average blood glucose for the past 2 to 3 months. The advantages of being diagnosed this way are that you don’t have to fast or drink anything.

Random Blood Sugar : Several random measurements may be taken throughout the day. Random testing is useful because glucose levels in healthy people do not vary widely throughout the day. Blood glucose levels that vary widely may mean a problem. This test is also called a casual blood glucose test.  

In our next blog, we will explore lifestyle changes that help you keep your blood glucose levels in control.

Assess, track and stay informed about your health with eKincare


American Diabetes Association – See more at:

Author: drpoojachhawcharia

Dr Pooja Chhawcharia is the Senior Nutritionist at eKincare with over 7 years of experience in Nutrition education, diet counseling and research. She is a Registered Dietician with the Indian Dietetic Association and Certified Diabetes Educator recognized by the International Diabetes federation . She is also interested in ancillary sciences such as Yoga and Naturopathy.

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