Acidity is one of common health issues faced by people. It typically occurs when there is excess secretion of acids in the gastric glands of the stomach. Here are some factors that lead to acidity.
Under conditions of stress, the flow of blood is directed mainly to the heart, lungs and muscles diverting blood supply from the digestive system. This may result in undigested food and acid to remain in stomach for longer periods precipitating acidity.
- Spicy foods-
Spicy foods tend to increase parietal cell activity (Hyman 2009) promoting increased acid production.
Beer and wine when consumed in moderate quantities also induce gastric acid secretion and provide little buffering capacity.
Regular coffee has been contraindicated in patients with peptic-ulcer disease due to increased gastric acid secretion.
Although nicotine does not have a direct effect on acid secretion it has shown to decrease activity of enzymes and slow down the gastric movements.
- Food sources-
Meat, eggs, whole pulses and legumes, refined wheat flour containing products and dairy products lead to increased acid and pepsin secretion in the stomach. Beverages such as tea, coffee and aerated drinks contribute to increased acid and may further irritate the stomach lining
Certain acid–forming drugs (aspirin, ibuprofen) and artificial sweeteners containing aspartame (Equal, Nutrasweet) or saccharin (Sweet n Low) need to be avoided in individuals with a tendency of hyperacidity.
- Zollinger-Ellison syndrome-
In this disorder tumors within the pancreas gland secrete large quantities of the hormone gastrin which leads to marked hyperacidity and increased risk of peptic ulcers