Impact of unctontrolled diabetes

Diabetes is caused when the blood glucose (blood sugar) level is too high & it affects proper functioning of the body. The blood sugar levels is maintained by insulin which is hormone produced by pancreas.

Type 1 diabetes is caused when body doesn’t produce any insulin at all, while type 2 diabetes is caused when body doesn’t produce sufficient insulin to control your blood sugar.

Diabetes is a progressive diseases and usually worsens with age. The consequences of uncontrolled diabetes can be visible on the entire body & its organs –  heart, foot, skin, kidneys, eyes, sexual organs, nervous system and many more.

The table below highlights the detrimental effect of diabetes on different parts of the body.

Conditions Affected areas
Cardiovascular Disease Coronary arterial disease
Angina (Chest Pain)
Heart Attack
Stroke
Atherosclerosis (Narrowing of arteries)
Nerve Damage Capillary (Tiny Blood Vessels) wall injury
Tingling Numbness
Burning sensation with pain at he tips of the toes and fingers
Paresthesia (Loss of sensation of touch)
Nausea (Damage to the nerves related to Digestion)
Vomiting (Damage to the nerves related to Digestion)
Diarrhea (Damage to the nerves related to Digestion)
Constipation (Damage to the nerves related to Digestion)
Nephropathy (Kidney Damage) Glomeruli Damage (Damage of filtering system)
Kidney Failure
Irreversible end stage kidney disease
Dialysis dependency
Kidney Transplant
Retinopathy (Eye Damage) Diabetic Retinopathy (Damage of Retinal Blood vessels)
Potential Blindness
Cataracts
Glaucoma
Diabetic Gangrenes Reuced Blood flow to the feet
Simple wounds get infected
Poor Healing of injuries
Amputation of Toe/Foot/Leg
Skin Problems Bacterial Infections
Fungal Infections
Alzheimers Disease Increased risk of Type 2 diabetes
Gestational Diabetes Macrosomia (Excess Growth of the Baby)
Hypoglycemia in the new borns
Type II Diabetes later in the life
Intra Unterine Demise of the Baby or Shortly after birth
Preeclampsia High Blood Pressure
Excess protein in the urine
Swelling in the legs and feet
Recurrent Gestational Diabetes Increased risk of Type 2 diabetes

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