Diabetes is caused when the blood glucose (blood sugar) level is too high & it affects proper functioning of the body. The blood sugar levels is maintained by insulin which is hormone produced by pancreas.
Type 1 diabetes is caused when body doesn’t produce any insulin at all, while type 2 diabetes is caused when body doesn’t produce sufficient insulin to control your blood sugar.
Diabetes is a progressive diseases and usually worsens with age. The consequences of uncontrolled diabetes can be visible on the entire body & its organs – heart, foot, skin, kidneys, eyes, sexual organs, nervous system and many more.
The table below highlights the detrimental effect of diabetes on different parts of the body.
|Cardiovascular Disease||Coronary arterial disease|
|Angina (Chest Pain)|
|Atherosclerosis (Narrowing of arteries)|
|Nerve Damage||Capillary (Tiny Blood Vessels) wall injury|
|Burning sensation with pain at he tips of the toes and fingers|
|Paresthesia (Loss of sensation of touch)|
|Nausea (Damage to the nerves related to Digestion)|
|Vomiting (Damage to the nerves related to Digestion)|
|Diarrhea (Damage to the nerves related to Digestion)|
|Constipation (Damage to the nerves related to Digestion)|
|Nephropathy (Kidney Damage)||Glomeruli Damage (Damage of filtering system)|
|Irreversible end stage kidney disease|
|Retinopathy (Eye Damage)||Diabetic Retinopathy (Damage of Retinal Blood vessels)|
|Diabetic Gangrenes||Reuced Blood flow to the feet|
|Simple wounds get infected|
|Poor Healing of injuries|
|Amputation of Toe/Foot/Leg|
|Skin Problems||Bacterial Infections|
|Alzheimers Disease||Increased risk of Type 2 diabetes|
|Gestational Diabetes||Macrosomia (Excess Growth of the Baby)|
|Hypoglycemia in the new borns|
|Type II Diabetes later in the life|
|Intra Unterine Demise of the Baby or Shortly after birth|
|Preeclampsia||High Blood Pressure|
|Excess protein in the urine|
|Swelling in the legs and feet|
|Recurrent Gestational Diabetes||Increased risk of Type 2 diabetes|