Blood pressure denotes the force by which the heart pumps blood and the force that is felt by the blood vessels – arteries and veins. Hypertension is caused when blood pressure exceeds the normal level. This typically happens when your blood vessels narrow down, consequently leading heart to exert more pressure to supply blood.
High blood pressure can cause damage to the blood vessels and can have an effect on functioning of various body parts.
High blood pressure causes unnecessary pressure on walls of blood vessels and impairs blood supply to different body parts. It can make walls of arteries thick and stiff an damage them.
This may also lead to issue with irregular heartbeat, chest pain, or worse still, heart attacks or hear failure.
Brain needs regular supply of oxygenated blood. Narrowed arteries can restrict blood supply to the brain, which may impact its performance. It can cause Transient Ischemic Attack, dementia, mild cognitive impairment, or in worse case, lead to stroke or brain hemorrhage.
Kidneys & Excretory System
Kidneys need regular supply of oxygenated blood and High blood pressure can restrict this supply. This can eventually make kidneys less efficient which can cause accumulation of toxins in body, rather than they being excreted. Over a period of time, this may even result in kidney scarring, kidney aneurysm or even kidney failure.
Damage to eyes
High blood pressure can damage the arteries leading to eye and may cause retinopathy, fluid buildup under retina or even nerve damage, which can cause loss of vision.
High blood pressure can affect blood flow to the reproductive organs in males as well as females and cause sexual dysfunction.
If blood pressure affects functioning of kidneys, a disproportionate amount of calcium, which is needed for healthy bones, may be excreted rather than reaching the bones.
High blood pressure may cause sleep apnea, which can lead you to snore and have trouble while sleeping.