COPD is likely to become the third leading cause of death after heart disease and cancer. It is estimated that there are 30 million COPD patients in India . Also, in India COPD related mortality is highest in the world i.e. more than 64.7 estimated age standardized death rate per 100,000 amongl both sexes.
Although Vitamin B12 deficiency is becoming increasingly common across population, be it young or old, affluent or poor, women or men, there are some groups who are more susceptible.
In our last blog, we saw that vitamin B12 deficiency is very common among Asian Indians. But, rarely do we realize that the general neurological symptoms such as extreme tiredness, depression, etc is due to this vitamin deficiency.
When 19 year old Kishita who is 2nd year BMS student was faced with frequent memory lapses and depression, she blamed it on stress and study pressure. Over a period of time her forgetfulness, fatigue and irritability at such a young age became a huge concern in the family and was affecting her projects and class performance.Read More »
Blackening or pigmentation of the skin especially around the neck, armpit, groin, etc is not taken very seriously considering it to be an effect of ageing, pregnancy, skin allergy , etc. But actually, this kind of pigmentation , called as acanthosis nigricans, is a sign of insulin resistance or impending risk of type 2 diabetes. The affected skin appears dark, velvety and thickened or rough. It is a marker of insulin resistance which is resistance to action of insulin occurring in individuals with higher amounts of body fat (abdominal obesity) or impaired glucose tolerance.
Often we find excuses for not living a healthy life. Especially individuals with a strong family history of diabetes, blood pressure, heart disease think that they are bound to inherit the disease due to genetic predisposition and can’t do much to change it. But actually, not all is determined by the DNA and investing in a healthy diet and lifestyle definitely yields long term rewards.
The number of diabetics in Hyderabad stands at 10 lakh. Among these, patients who have uncontrolled diabetes for a duration of more than 5 years are susceptible to the complications of high blood sugar. About 30% of diabetics may develop diabetic retinopathy, especially those who are suffering for 10 years or more. Unfortunately, diabetic retinopathy is detected at later stages when much damage has already occurred for the simple reason that there are very few apparent symptoms seen. In fact, sometimes vision problems lead to the diagnosis of diabetes.
A recent study has shown that, in Hyderabad city, about 70% of the facilities do not have the equipment required for diagnosing and treating diabetic retinopathy which can further add to the delay in timely and appropriate care.Read More »