Need for different approach to Adolescent HIV/AIDS

world-aids-day-2016India ranks third in HIV epidemic in the world with an estimated prevalence of 0.3% ( 2013) i.e.  2.1 million people living with HIV.  There is some reason to rejoice as 38% decline in AIDS-related deaths was observed between 2005 and 2013. Over 35% of all reported AIDS cases in India occur among age group of 15–24 years indicating that adolescents and young adults constitute a major group at risk of the infection.

Adolescence is a transition from childhood to adulthood and marks a very crucial phase in life cycle (occurring between 13-19 years). During this phase, there are several physical changes such as accelerated growth as well as psychological and behavioral changes.

  • One important growth marker is sexual maturity that often changes the adolescent’s social interaction, expectations and perceptions. It’s the time of increased sense of self-awareness making them more vulnerable .
  • Also , sexual debut, sexual coercion and violence, trafficking, and substance abuse are highlights of this phase
  • Lack of knowledge about HIV/AIDS, inaccessibility to healthcare services and commodities, lack of education and life skills, and early marriage increase the vulnerability of adolescents to HIV/AIDS

Adolescents constitute a considerable proportion of India’s population (22%) and increased knowledge about mode of transmission of the disease and its profuse health implications can pave the way for prevention.

“Adolescent HIV/AIDS is an epidemic with difference and its control needs to be adolescent specific.”

Reference:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3140141/

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/art/2012/576149/

http://www.avert.org/professionals/hiv-around-world/asia-pac

Corporate Wellness Health

drpoojachhawcharia View All →

Dr Pooja Chhawcharia is the Senior Nutritionist at eKincare with over 7 years of experience in Nutrition education, diet counseling and research. She is a Registered Dietician with the Indian Dietetic Association and Certified Diabetes Educator recognized by the International Diabetes federation . She is also interested in ancillary sciences such as Yoga and Naturopathy.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s