hepatitis-b-during-pregnancyScreening for Hepatitis B is usually done at the first prenatal visit for 95% women but these women are not identified and followed –up sufficiently. Once a pregnant woman tests positive for Hepatitis B, she should be carefully monitored and given timely intervention during delivery to prevent transmission of the virus to the baby

If proper treatment is not provided, the virus is transmitted to the newborn and such an infected infant has

  • 90% risk of progression to chronic hepatitis B
  • 25% may die prematurely from HBV-related hepatocellular carcinoma (liver cancer) or cirrhosis

Sometimes, Hepatitis B positive pregnant women are not informed properly regarding the infection, results are misinterpreted, or not reported by pregnant women themselves.

Detection– The principal screening test for detecting maternal HBV infection is the serologic identification of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg).

Image result for hepatitis B during pregnancy

The first blood test, once pregnancy is confirmed, should include the HBsAg test and if results are positive , concerned obstetrician should be informed about it especially at the time of delivery such that necessary steps can be taken to prevent transmission.

References:

https://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/hbv/pregstatuslabreporting.htm

http://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0215/p502.html

https://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/hbv/pdfs/prenatalhbsagtesting.pdf

Written by drpoojachhawcharia

Dr Pooja Chhawcharia is the Senior Nutritionist at eKincare with over 7 years of experience in Nutrition education, diet counseling and research. She is a Registered Dietician with the Indian Dietetic Association and Certified Diabetes Educator recognized by the International Diabetes federation . She is also interested in ancillary sciences such as Yoga and Naturopathy.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s