High temperatures in summer are dangerous. So, it’s important to keep an eye on the medical conditions caused due to excess heat. One among them most commonly occurring in all age groups is heat stroke
Firstly, lets know what heat stroke is?
Heat stroke is a condition in which there is dramatically increased temperature of the human body along with dehydration. It is fatal if not treated timely.
Who are at risk?
- Elderly people.
- People who work in hot sun.
- Children left in car in hot sun.
- People who consume less or no water.
How to recognize Heat stroke?
It usually presents with the following symptoms along with the temperatures shooting up to 106 F sometimes.
- high body temperature,
- the absence of sweating, with hot red or flushed dry skin,
- rapid pulse,
- difficulty breathing,
- strange behavior,
- seizure, and/or
Tips to prevent the heat stroke:
- Drink plenty of water, at least 4-5 liters of water per day.
- Avoid sun mostly around 11am-3pm.
- Wear loose and cotton clothes.
- Avoid caffeine and alcohol.
- Take a cool shower at least twice a day.
- Avoid excess work out in hot sun especially.
- Check for the signs of dehydration in children specially the urinary output and water intake.
- Do not let children play in hot sun.
- Drink butter milk with chia seeds in a day at least once.
- Park your car in shade.
Lastly if you find any victim having heat stroke immediately do the following things
- Get that person in to the shaded area.
- Remove the clothes, if they are tight and keep cool water or do tepid sponging all over the body. Keep some ice in his under arms and groin area.
- If he is conscious and able to drink water, give him cool water.
- Do call the emergency services if the person is unconscious.
Keeping all this in mind, have fun and have a happy summer.
-Dr. Bhavani Sagar Surampally