Fungal infections are common in warm and humid local environment.

Due to changes in environment and our lifestyles, fungal infections are becoming resistant to treatment and hence it is getting tougher day by day to get rid of them.

Here is information about few common fungal infections, their treatment and things to keep in mind if you are already suffering from fungal infections that won’t away.

  1. Jock itch / Tinea Cruris – caused by a fungus called Tinea. It effects genitals, inner thighs, area under the breasts and buttocks. Infections occur more frequently in the summer or in warm, wet climates. Itching, chafing, circular, red, raised rash with elevated edges, Flaking, peeling, or cracking skin is commonly seen.

Tips that will help in getting rid of it soon-

  • Wear loose cotton undergarments.
  • Avoid wearing tight clothes like legging and jeans.
  • During treatment of jock itch, be sure to: Wash and dry the affected area with a clean towel , apply the antifungal cream, powder, or spray as directed , change clothes ,especially underwear , every day.
  1. Ring Worm /Tinea Corporis– is not a worm, but a fungal infection of the skin. It can appear anywhere on the body and it looks like a circular, red, flat sore. Ringworm is highly contagious, and it can be transmitted by skin-to-skin contact, or from contact with pets, such as dogs. The fungus may also survive on objects, such as towels, clothes, and brushes.

 Tips that need to be kept in mind-

  • Since it is highly contagious and thrives even on objects that we use, taking care of personal hygiene and keeping towels, clothes and bedding clean is a must.
  • Keeping the skin clean and dry can help avoid infection.
  • Wash your hands with soap and running water after playing with pets. If you suspect that your pet has ringworm, take it to see a veterinarian.
  1. Athlete’s Foot/Tinea Pedis – is a fungal infection of the foot. It causes peeling, redness, itching, burning, and sometimes blisters and sores. It is commonly associated with sports and athletes because the fungus grows perfectly in warm, moist environments, such as socks and shoes, sports equipment, and locker rooms.

Tips to prevent/ deal with Athlete’s foot-

– wearing shower sandals in public showering areas – do not walk bare foot

– wearing shoes that allow the feet to breathe.

– daily washing of the feet with soap and water

– Drying the feet thoroughly and using a quality foot powder can also help prevent athlete’s foot – especially in between and under the toes.

  1. Yeast Infections -called cutaneous candidiasis and are caused by yeast-like fungi called candida. They occur when yeast on the skin grows more actively and causes a red, scaling, itchy rash on the skin. Yeast infections are not contagious. They mostly occur in warm, moist, creased areas including the armpits and the groin. Candida infection is especially common among people who are obese or who have diabetes. People taking antibiotics are also at risk. Candida can cause diaper rash in infants and can cause infections of the nail. Oral thrush is a form of candida infection that is found in the mouth. Candida also causes vaginal yeast infections.

Tips to prevent / treat –

-Avoiding yeast infections begins with a balanced diet and proper hygiene

– Wearing loose-fitting clothing made from natural fibers may also help prevent infection.

– Washing underwear in very hot water and changing feminine products often can also help prevent fungal growth.

-for people with high risk factors, such as diabetes or low immunity states, Yeast infections should be treated quickly, as the symptoms may become severe if left untreated.

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/317970.php

https://www.cdc.gov/fungal/antifungal-resistance.html

https://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/guide/fungal-infections-skin#4

-Dr.Afroze.

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