Bleeding gums and oral care during pregnancy

Most of the pregnant women suffer from gum related problems, which may lead to bleeding from the gums when brushed or flossed.

Hormonal changes which take place during pregnancy, must be one of the cause for this condition which makes your gums more sensitive to the bacteria.

Other causes include smoking and diabetes, which can cause bleeding gums. Most of the pregnant women will think that this condition may affect their baby, but it is unlikely to be harmful for you or your baby if the cause is hormonal changes.

It’s very important to keep your teeth and gums as clean and healthy as possible while you’re pregnant. The best way to prevent or deal with gum problems is to practice good oral hygiene.
How to take care of your gums during pregnancy:

  1. At least one visit to a dentist during pregnancy is needed for checkup and cleaning.
  2. Brush your teeth twice daily with soft bristled brush and daily floss your teeth.
  3. If you are suffering from morning sickness then it is important to rinse your teeth and mouth after every episode of vomiting.
  4. Consider alcohol free mouthwash.
  5. Try gently massaging your gums using your index finger and thumb. Do not apply undue pressure and massage slowly.
  6. Smoking should be avoided as it makes the condition worse.
  7. It is always advised to follow a healthy diet during pregnancy including fruits, vegetables, whole grain products and dairy products such as cottage cheese, milk, etc., which are good for you and your baby.
  8. If diabetes during pregnancy is the cause then regular checkup of your sugar levels is needed. Try to avoid sugary foods too often.
  9. Reduce consumption of chocolate and other sugar-based snacks, as it can increase risk of your tooth decay.
  10. Consume optimum amount of water at least 2-3 liters a day, if you live in a hot and humid environment. Cut down on soda and other caffeine drinks.
  11. Avoid eating very tough foods, as chewing on them can cause you tooth fractures. Also, be wary of cold or caffeinated beverages as it can create sensitivity of teeth.
  12. It will subside after delivery if treated properly.
  13. If the problem still persists even after taking good precautions consulting your treating doctor is very important.


-Dr. Y. Alekhya

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