Obesity is usually caused by lifestyle habits and underlying medical conditions or risk factors leading to overweight.  

Medical causes of obesity can include:

Hypothyroidism- Condition associated with thyroid gland, located in the neck, produces too little thyroid hormone. This hormone regulates our metabolism. The decrease in levels of these hormones effects the metabolism, leading to weight gain.

Cushing’s syndrome- Condition wherein the adrenal glands secrete an excess amount of cortisol hormone, leading to a build-up of fat in certain sites such as the face, upper back, and abdomen.

Polycystic ovary disease:  This condition leads to increase in levels of androgen levels leading to males like characteristics such as body hair growth, irregular periods and weight gain.   

Depression- People with depression overeat or binge eating ultimately leading to obesity.

Pregnancy- During the pregnancy period women tend to attain weight significantly and most of them find it difficult to lose after the pregnancy. This could lead to obesity.

Other causes

Inactivity. Sedentary lifestyle or work which includes less physical activity will lead to accumulation of fat in the body due to excess intake or improper use of those calories leading to obesity.

Genetics. Some people are genetically predisposed to the condition.

Family lifestyle. Obesity runs in family, if one or either of your parents are obese then you are a risk of attaining the same. Family members share same lifestyle or eating habits leading to obesity

Unhealthy diet. A diet high in calories and frequent habit of eating the junk food or unprocessed food is one of the causes for increased levels of cholesterol, which is a risk factor for obesity.

Certain medications. Medications such as antidepressants, anti-seizure, and steroids intake will lead to weight gain.

Age. It affects every age group including young children. As you grow up hormonal changes and less active or sedentary lifestyle may increase your risk of obesity.

Quitting smoking- quitting smoking can lead to a temporary gain of weight, but long-term quitting of smoking will benefit you from ill health.

Lack of sleep- improper sleeping habits may cause in imbalance of the appetite hormones which may lead to weight gain due to excess craving for food.

Though obesity may be caused by different conditions or risk factors, proper diet, and physical activity can prevent you from gaining weight and help u stay healthy.

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