A stye is a bacterial infection which affects one or more of the small glands near the base of your eyelashes.

  • It looks similar to a boil or a pimple and is painful.
  • A sty is mostly seen on the outside of eyelid in between the eyelashes but sometimes it can form on the inner part of eyelids.


  • A red lump on your eyelid that is similar to a boil or a pimple
  • Eyelid pain
  • Eyelid swelling
  • Tearing
  • Crusting of the eyelid margins
  • Mucous discharge in the eye
  • Discomfort during blinking
  • Sensation of a foreign body in the eye


  • A stye is caused by an infection of oil glands in the eyelid.
  • It’s a combination of a clogged oil gland and infection with bacteria.

Risk factors

  • Touching eyes with unwashed hands
  • Inserting contact lenses without thoroughly disinfecting them or washing your hands first
  • Leaving on eye makeup overnight
  • Using old or expired cosmetics
  • Lack of hygiene, and rubbing of the eyes


  • In most cases, a stye doesn’t require specific treatment.
  • A sty typically goes away on its own. Recurrences are common.
  • Apply a warm compress to the affected eye.
  • If you have recurrent stye, you may be advised by your doctor for antibiotic cream, ointment or eye drops. Sometimes you may need to take antibiotic pills.
  • A sore spot near your eyelashes can be an early warning sign of a stye. It is best to apply a warm compress at the first sign.

Prevention of recurrence –

  • Hand wash– Washing hands with soap and warm water or using an alcohol-based hand sanitizer several times each day. Make sure that your hands are clean before dealing with your eyes.
  • Take care with cosmetics- Reduce your risk of recurrent eye infections by throwing away old cosmetics. Don’t share your cosmetics with others. Don’t wear eye makeup overnight.
  • Caution with contact lenses– If you wear contact lenses, wash your hands thoroughly before handling your contacts and follow your doctor’s advice on disinfecting them.
  • Avoid Sharing of washcloths or face towels– especially if you have frequent styes.

-Dr.Afroze Fatima



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