IBS or Irritable Bowel Syndrome is a functional disorder (abnormality in function) of the large intestine that results in a group of symptoms. IBS is a problem with the movement in the digestive system (motility) rather than any damage to the tissues of the digestive system.
Few other names for IBS are – spastic colon, irritable colon, functional bowel disease, mucous colitis, or nervous colon. It is a separate condition from inflammatory bowel disease and isn’t as serious.
The cause of irritable bowel syndrome is unknown. It is believed to be due to a number of factors, including alteration in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract motility, abnormal nervous system signals, increased sensitivity to pain, and food intolerances.
Women are known to suffer from it more than men.
There are 3 main subtypes of IBS- IBS with constipation (IBS-C), IBS with diarrhea (IBS-D) and IBS with alternating stool pattern (IBS-A).
The common symptoms seen are-Change in bowel habits, excess gas or bloating, urgency to use the washroom, cramping and pain in abdomen which is relieved after passing stools, Diarrhoea or constipation — sometimes alternating bouts of diarrhoea and constipation, Mucus in the stool, a feeling that the bowels are not fully emptied after using the bathroom.
IBS is triggered by many factors such as certain foods, medicines, the presence of gas or stool, and emotional stress.
Learning about one’s own trigger factor and making certain lifestyle changes can help in reducing the number of episodes and discomfort.
Below are a few lifestyle changes that can help
- DIET- it is best to identify what food items act as triggers and avoid them. Apart from that, here are the do’s and don’ts of diet in IBS.
– add fibre to diet
–never skip meals
–Avoid caffeine (in coffee, teas, and sodas).
–Eat regular balanced meals.
–taking probiotics (“good” bacteria normally found in the intestines) can help with gas and bloating problems.
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