ACUTE APPENDICITIS

Appendicitis is inflammation of the appendix, it is a finger shaped pouch that projects from colon from lower right side of abdomen.

Appendicitis is an emergency that always requires surgical intervention to remove the appendix. If left untreated appendix will eventually burst or have a perforation spilling the infectious material in to the abdomen.

It can develop in any age group, but mostly seen in age group of 10 to 30 years.

Cause:

Appendicitis occurs when the appendix becomes blocked by the gastrointestinal contents. Due to blockage infection occurs, leading to swelling and some times pus collection in it forming abscess.

Symptoms:

  • Pain in the right lower abdomen and around the belly button
  • Pain during cough
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Loss of appetite
  • Low-grade fever
  • Constipation or diarrhea
  • Abdominal bloating
  • Severe cramps

Diagnosis:

Physician will do a set of examinations and tests to rule it out. Such as

  • Abdominal examination to detect inflammation
  • Urine routine to rule out UTI
  • Rectal exam
  • Blood tests
  • Ultrasound and ct scan

Treatment:

Surgery is the choice of treatment in most of the cases.

Surgery can be of two types

  1. Laparotomy: Appendectomy can be performed as open surgery using one abdominal incision.
  2. Laparoscopic surgery: surgery can be done through a few small abdominal incisions. Recovery is fast in this procedure and there is less scarring of the skin.

Medications:

  1. Strong antibiotics and analgesics are prescribed for a period of time to deal with infection and pain.
  2. Don’t do strenuous activities after surgery for few days.

 

By,

Dr.chandrashekar

Reference :

https://www.healthline.com/health/appendicitis

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/appendicitis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20369549

https://www.webmd.com/digestive-disorders/digestive-diseases-appendicitis#2

 

Pic Credits: Internet

 

 

 

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