BLEPHARITIS

It is the inflammation of eyelids which involves part of the eyelid where eyelashes grow. It occurs when the oil glands located near the eyelashes get blocked or clogged.

It is a chronic condition that is difficult to treat. It can be uncomfortable but doesn’t cause any damage to the eyesight and it’s not contagious.

Symptoms:

  • Watery eyes & Red eyes
  • stinging or burning sensation in eyes
  • Itchy eyelids
  • Red, swollen eyelids
  • Flaking of the skin around the eyes
  • Crusted eyelashes upon awakening
  • Eyelid sticking
  • More frequent blinking
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Eyelashes that grow abnormally
  • Loss of eyelashes

Causes:

  • Seborrheic dermatitis -dandruff of the scalp and eyebrows
  • A bacterial infection
  • Clogged or malfunctioning oil glands in your eyelids
  • Rosacea, a skin condition characterized by facial redness
  • Eyelash mites or lice

Complications:

  • Eyelash problems
  • Scarring of eyelids
  • Dry eyes
  • Difficulty wearing contact lenses
  • Stye and chalazion

Diagnosis:

It includes

  • Examination of eyelids
  • Swabbing skin for testing: the doctor may swab the crust or sample of oil produced from the glands for culture and sensitivity to analyze for any evidence of bacterial or fungal growth.

Treatment:

  • Self-care such as washing eyes and warm compresses may be the only treatment necessary for most of the cases.

Others include

  • Medication to fight infection: antibiotic creams, ointments, and eye drops are prescribed in most of the cases to fight the infection. If topical antibiotics are not working then oral antibiotics are prescribed.
  • Medications to control inflammation: steroid eye drops and ointments may control inflammation.
  • Treatment of underlying cause: Blepharitis caused by seborrheic dermatitis, rosacea or other diseases may be controlled by treating the underlying disease.

Lifestyle and Home Remedies:

  • Clean your eyes daily
  • Lubricate your eyes
  • Control dandruff

By,

Dr.chandrashekar

https://www.allaboutvision.com/conditions/blepharitis.htm

https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/blepharitis/

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/blepharitis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20370148

 

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