It is the inflammation of eyelids which involves part of the eyelid where eyelashes grow. It occurs when the oil glands located near the eyelashes get blocked or clogged.

It is a chronic condition that is difficult to treat. It can be uncomfortable but doesn’t cause any damage to the eyesight and it’s not contagious.

Symptoms:

  • Watery eyes & Red eyes
  • stinging or burning sensation in eyes
  • Itchy eyelids
  • Red, swollen eyelids
  • Flaking of the skin around the eyes
  • Crusted eyelashes upon awakening
  • Eyelid sticking
  • More frequent blinking
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Eyelashes that grow abnormally
  • Loss of eyelashes

Causes:

  • Seborrheic dermatitis -dandruff of the scalp and eyebrows
  • A bacterial infection
  • Clogged or malfunctioning oil glands in your eyelids
  • Rosacea, a skin condition characterized by facial redness
  • Eyelash mites or lice

Complications:

  • Eyelash problems
  • Scarring of eyelids
  • Dry eyes
  • Difficulty wearing contact lenses
  • Stye and chalazion

Diagnosis:

It includes

  • Examination of eyelids
  • Swabbing skin for testing: the doctor may swab the crust or sample of oil produced from the glands for culture and sensitivity to analyze for any evidence of bacterial or fungal growth.

Treatment:

  • Self-care such as washing eyes and warm compresses may be the only treatment necessary for most of the cases.

Others include

  • Medication to fight infection: antibiotic creams, ointments, and eye drops are prescribed in most of the cases to fight the infection. If topical antibiotics are not working then oral antibiotics are prescribed.
  • Medications to control inflammation: steroid eye drops and ointments may control inflammation.
  • Treatment of underlying cause: Blepharitis caused by seborrheic dermatitis, rosacea or other diseases may be controlled by treating the underlying disease.

Lifestyle and Home Remedies:

  • Clean your eyes daily
  • Lubricate your eyes
  • Control dandruff

By,

Dr.chandrashekar

https://www.allaboutvision.com/conditions/blepharitis.htm

https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/blepharitis/

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/blepharitis/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20370148

 

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