Corns develop from an accumulation of dead skin cells on foot, forming thick, hardened areas.

Corns are caused by pressure or friction on your skin.

You may find them along the bottom of your foot, the ball of your foot, and between your toes. Corns can also form on or along the outside of your little toe where your shoe rubs against it. They may also form on the tops of your toes. This condition affects women more than men.


Causes:
1. Shoes that are too tight or too worn can cause corns from the constant rubbing and pressure of your skin against the leather or other material inside a closed shoe or boot.

  1. Skipping socks, wearing shoes and sandals without socks can cause friction on your feet. Socks that don’t fit properly also can be a problem.
  2. Sweaty feet.
    4. shoes with sharply pointed toes and high heels.
  3. Prolonged periods of standing
  4. walking barefoot regularly
    7. People with foot deformities, such as hammertoes, often suffer from corns because the tops of the bent toes rub against the tops of shoes.

Symptoms:
A thick, rough area of skin.
A hardened raised bump.
Corns are not always painful at first but can become irritated and painful over time.

When to see a doctor: If  corn becomes very inflamed, ulcerated or painful.
People with diabetes, peripheral neuropathy, and peripheral arterial disease need to be particularly watchful and consult a doctor to avoid complications.


Prevention: There are a number of do-it-yourself treatments for corns
1. Soak, soften, and file. Soak your feet in warm water and use a pumice stone or callus foot file to reduce corns gently move the stone in a circle or side-to-side to remove dead skin. You can do this in the shower too.
2. Moisturize your feet every day. Look for a deep moisturizing lotion or cream that will help soften corns and calluses.
3. Open toes. If you have painful corn, sandals or open toe shoes can be more comfortable.

Treatment: There are a number of treatment options for corns.

When corns get hard enough to cause pain, a surgeon will recommend the treatment option most appropriate for you. However, if the underlying cause of the corn is not treated or removed, the corn may return. It is important to avoid trying to remove corn at home or using medicated corn pads, as serious infection may occur.

– Dr. Krishna priya


References:

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/172459.php

https://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/understanding-corns-calluses-prevention

 

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