Emergency contraception also known as postcoital contraception is a form of birth control that may be used by women who have had unprotected sex or failure of usual birth control methods.The treatment generally is reserved for specific situations and is not a regular method of birth control. Emergency oral contraception is used in preventing pregnancy and should not be used to end one.
- Emergency contraception is safe and effective in preventing pregnancy after unprotected sex.
- Emergency contraception is private. It is your choice if you want your partner to know about it.
- It has a limited time frame of 5 days following unprotected intercourse..
- It may cause side effects including nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, and headache.
- Emergency contraception is not helpful if the woman is already pregnant. Women who are suspecting pregnancy or are pregnant should not use emergency contraception.
- Emergency contraception does not provide protection against sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) including HIV. Use of condoms is advised to reduce the risk of STDs.
- There still remains a small chance of getting pregnant after emergency contraception.
So it is better to weigh the pros and cons and use it in situations such as above after a discussion with the gynecologist.
-Dr Prerna Gaur