Migraine is a recurrent type of headache that has a throbbing or pulsating nature. It most often affects one side of the head but may also be seen on both sides. It is known to affect three times as many women as men.
Here are some tips to prevent migraine attacks-
- Learn about your triggers and find out ways to manage them.
- Loud noises, flashing lights (for example, strobe lights), and sensory stimulation are common triggers for migraine headaches
- Take breaks from the TV or computer screen to rest your eyes, and adjust the brightness levels on digital screens.
- Learn to make note of foods that trigger an attack and avoid consuming them.
- Identify the activities that trigger migraine attack- for some people, too much exercise or a lack of exercise can be a cause. Moderation is the key.
- Lack of sleep or irregular sleeping habits may also lead to an attack in susceptible people. Make sure to have a regular sleep time table- sleep early and for at least a good 7 hours.
- Stress is a known trigger for migraine headache-learning to manage them is important. Meditation, praying, spending time with people you love, and doing things you enjoy can really be wonderful stress busters. Counselling and stress management classes can also be tried.
- Hunger lowers the blood sugar levels and may act as a trigger for headaches. It is therefore very important to manage your eating schedules if you are prone to headaches.
- It is important to stay hydrated. Drink plenty of water and fluids to keep migraines at bay.
- If you have more than 4 attacks in a month, then it would be advisable to talk to your doctor and keep ‘preventive medicine for migraine’ stocked at home.
Written by Dr. Afroze Fatima