The United Nations has set targets to diagnose 90% of all people living with HIV by 2020. Currently, it is estimated that only 70% of people living with HIV know their HIV status. In order to fill the gaps, countries are looking for ways to rapidly increase access to and use of HIV testing services, especially for populations with low service coverage and at higher risk that would otherwise Would not carry out a screening test. One approach is HIV self-testing, which means that the person does the HIV diagnostic test and interprets the results in private. WHO has been working on HIV self-testing since April 2013. In 2016, WHO published the first global recommendations and guidelines for HIV self-testing.
Globally, 2.1 million women die due to diabetes as opposed to 1.8 million men and diabetes is the ninth leading cause of death among women. Diabetes increases risk of heart disease by six times and reduces life span by 8 years as compared to women without diabetes.
In India, prevalence of the disease is 17.7% among urban middle class women while it is 10% in rural areas. Higher body fat percentage and abnormal lipid profile has been attributed as the major factors responsible for increased prevalence of diabetes among women in the developed and developing countries Continue reading “WOMEN AND DIABETES -WORLD DIABETES DAY 2017”
Screening for Hepatitis B is usually done at the first prenatal visit for 95% women but these women are not identified and followed –up sufficiently. Once a pregnant woman tests positive for Hepatitis B, she should be carefully monitored and given timely intervention during delivery to prevent Continue reading “Why pregnant women should be screened for Hepatitis B ?”
Often selection of the daily staples is based on family traditions or cultural influences. Despite being the major component of our diet, we do not put enough time and effort in making a conscious choice of cereal or grains.
Whole grain are seeds of the grasses cultivated for food. They need to be processed to convert them into edible form but the level of processing Continue reading “Ways to incorporate whole grain in daily diet!”
Although Vitamin B12 deficiency is becoming increasingly common across population, be it young or old, affluent or poor, women or men, there are some groups who are more susceptible.
Initially high uric acid was seen in urban population especially non-vegetarians with high intakes of red meat , crustaceans and alcohol. But, lately hyperuricemia is affecting all groups of people including rural, young and vegetarians. This is a major concern lately because it is seen in most overweight individuals both , young and old. Recent research indicates that high uric acid levels is an antecedent to high blood pressure later in life which makes it even more important to closely monitor it from the beginning.
ESR is a test used to detect inflammation in the body. Inflammation could be due to an underlying infection such as stomach infection or cold, autoimmune disease such as arthritis, or even in cancers. So although the ESR increases when there is an inflammation, the test is nonspecific i.e. it does not clearly indicate as to what is the cause of the inflammation. Continue reading “The significance of ESR”
Diabetes is caused when the blood glucose (blood sugar) level is too high & it affects proper functioning of the body. The blood sugar levels is maintained by insulin which is hormone produced by pancreas.
Type 1 diabetes is caused when body doesn’t produce any insulin at all, while type 2 diabetes is caused when body doesn’t produce sufficient insulin to control your blood sugar.
Diabetes is a progressive diseases and usually worsens with age. The consequences of uncontrolled diabetes can be visible on the entire body & its organs – heart, foot, skin, kidneys, eyes, sexual organs, nervous system and many more. Continue reading “Impact of uncontrolled diabetes”
The liver is one of the vital organs in the human body and performs variety of functions. In humans, it is located in the upper part of the abdomen (above the stomach and below the diaphragm). In an adult it typically weighs around 1.5 kg. It is a reddish-brown wedge-shaped organ & has four lobes (of unequal sizes). It receives a dual blood supply from the hepatic portal vein and hepatic arteries.
The liver performs a wide range of functions in the human body. Some of them are: Continue reading “Importance of liver in our body”
Diabetes is a long-term medical condition that develops due to prolonged high levels of sugar in blood. It is typically manifested when:
– Body fails to produce insulin at all (leading to type 1 diabetes), or
– When it doesn’t produce enough insulin for proper functioning (leading to type 2 diabetes).
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes.
Diabetes is often labeled as a silent killer since it can cause several health complications in long run. It is a progressive disease and can often worsen with time. A huge chunk of population is, in fact, unaware that they have diabetes! Continue reading “How diabetes impacts your ageing body?”