physical activity in Diabetes

Regular physical activity plays a vital role in the management of Diabetes along with a good diet plan and the medication prescribed by your doctor. Physical activity increases the effectiveness of insulin and this effect persists several hours after exercise. Physical activity is also important for your overall well-being and to control many other health conditions.

At least 30 minutes of moderate exercise for 5 days in a week plays a very important role in your overall health. Before increasing usual patterns of physical activity or an exercise program, the individual with diabetes mellitus should undergo a detailed medical evaluation with appropriate diagnostic studies. Preparing the individual with diabetes for a safe and enjoyable physical activity program is as important as physical activity itself.

The young individual in good metabolic control can safely participate in most activities. The middle-aged and older individual with diabetes should be encouraged to be physically active. If you are overweight, combining physical activity with a reduced-calorie eating plan can lead to even more benefits.

Be sure to drink water before, during, and after exercise to stay well hydrated. Because physical activity lowers your blood glucose, you should protect yourself against low blood glucose levels, also called hypoglycemia. You are most likely to have hypoglycemia if you take insulin or certain other diabetes medicines.  In such cases your doctor may suggest you to take less insulin or take a carbohydrate snack before, during or after exercise. Checking your blood glucose levels before and after physical activity is also very important.

Make a commitment to exercise and make it a priority. Your long-term health depends on it, so as tough as it may be to find time or to motivate yourself to exercise, keep at it. It will help you lose weight (if you need to do that), and it will make your body more efficient at using its insulin and glucose.


  1. Controls your blood glucose levels.
  2. Being physically active helps prevent long-term diabetes complications. People with prediabetes can delay the onset of diabetes.
  3. Lowers blood pressure and cholesterol.
  4. Makes you physically fit.
  5. Lowers risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke.
  6. Reduces stress and increase the feeling of wellbeing.
  7. Burns extra calories so you can keep your weight down if needed.
  8. Helps you sleep better
  9. Reduces symptoms of depression and improves quality of life
  10. Reduces the risk of osteoporosis and arthritis.

    – Dr.Y.Alekhya.