Beat this summer’s Heat Stroke

High temperatures in summer are dangerous. So, it’s important to keep an eye on the medical conditions caused due to excess heat. One among them most commonly occurring in all age groups is heat stroke

Firstly, lets know what heat stroke is?

Heat stroke is a condition in which there is dramatically increased temperature of the human body along with dehydration. It is fatal if not treated timely.

Who are at risk?

  • Infants
  • Elderly people.
  • People who work in hot sun.
  • Children left in car in hot sun.
  • People who consume less or no water.

How to recognize Heat stroke?

It usually presents with the following symptoms along with the temperatures shooting up to 106 F sometimes.

  • high body temperature,
  • the absence of sweating, with hot red or flushed dry skin,
  • rapid pulse,
  • difficulty breathing,
  • strange behavior,
  • hallucinations,
  • confusion,
  • agitation,
  • disorientation,
  • seizure, and/or
  • coma.

Tips to prevent the heat stroke:

  • Drink plenty of water, at least 4-5 liters of water per day.
  • Avoid sun mostly around 11am-3pm.
  • Wear loose and cotton clothes.
  • Avoid caffeine and alcohol.
  • Take a cool shower at least twice a day.
  • Avoid excess work out in hot sun especially.
  • Check for the signs of dehydration in children specially the urinary output and water intake.
  • Do not let children play in hot sun.
  • Drink butter milk with chia seeds in a day at least once.
  • Park your car in shade.

Lastly if you find any victim having heat stroke immediately do the following things

  • Get that person in to the shaded area.
  • Remove the clothes, if they are tight and keep cool water or do tepid sponging all over the body. Keep some ice in his under arms and groin area.
  • If he is conscious and able to drink water, give him cool water.
  • Do call the emergency services if the person is unconscious.

Keeping all this in mind, have fun and  have a happy summer.

-Dr. Bhavani Sagar Surampally


Palm fruit: the exclusive thirst quencher for summers

nungu or palm fruit.pngPalm seeds are obtained from the palmyra trees. Palmyra trees are found in the dry, tropical regions of mid and southern India -Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Goa, and Kerala.  The ripened pulp of the sugar palm is jelly-like tender, flat and round with a light brown skin.

Nungu is a low calorie fruit with 87% moisture and fairly good amounts of Continue reading “Palm fruit: the exclusive thirst quencher for summers”

Is summer draining you out?

Dehydration can be a serious condition that can lead to problems ranging from swollen feet or a headache to life-threatening illnesses such as heat stroke

Dehydration can result into:

  • Thirst
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of co-ordination
  • Irritability
  • Dry skin
  • Decreased urine output
  • Elevated body temperature

Effects of dehydration also include:

  • Heat cramp
  • Heat exhaustion
  • Deadly heat stroke
  • Electrolytes (sodium & chlorine ) losses occur together with water loss.

How much water do we need?

What does being well hydrated mean?

The amount of water a person needs depends on:

  • Climatic conditions
  • Clothing worn and
  • Exercise intensity and duration

A person who perspires heavily will need to drink more than someone who doesn’t.

Certain medical conditions, such as diabetes or heart disease may also mean you need to drink more water.

People with cystic fibrosis have high concentrations of sodium in their sweat and also need to use caution to avoid dehydration

And some medications can act as diuretics, causing the body to lose more fluid.

Thirst is a late signal. Feeling thirsty means that we are already dehydrated. The easiest thing to do is pay attention to the color of  urine. Pale and clear means we are well hydrated. If it’s dark, we need to drink more fluids.


What is the best way to rehydrate?

  • For most people, water is the best thing to drink to stay hydrated.
  • Sources of water also include foods, such fruits and vegetables which contain a high percentage of water.
  • Sports drinks with electrolytes, may be useful for people doing high intensity, vigorous exercise in very hot weather, though they tend to be high in added sugars and calories.
  • Avoid fruit juices or sugary drinks, such as soda as they can be hard on the stomach if we are dehydrated
  • It’s also best to avoid drinks containing caffeine, which acts as a diuretic and causes you to lose more fluids.

Hydration isn’t just important during physical activity. Sitting in the sun on a hot or humid day, even if you aren’t exercising, can also cause your body to need more fluids.

People who have a heart condition, are older than 50 or overweight may also have to take extra precautions.

If you experience signs of dehydration, heat cramps or heat exhaustion:

  • Stop exercising right away.
  • Sip water or suck on ice cubes.
  • Move to the shade or indoors as soon as possible.
  • Douse yourself with cold water.
  • Apply cold, wet cloths to the neck, groin and armpits.
  • Seek medical attention if your condition doesn’t improve or gets worse.

Heat stroke is when the body is no longer able to regulate its temperature, and it keeps rising. This is very serious and requires immediate medical attention


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